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The Urban Challenges


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The Urban Challenges


The Urban Challenge Programme offers seven elective courses for master students enrolled at one of the eight partnering universities - Aalto University, Copenhagen Business School, University of Edinburgh, HafenCity UniversitätUniversity of Latvia, and Sapienza Università di Roma. Each electives is structured as a 7.5 ECTS accredited, project based intensive and two-four week comparative exchange course in Copenhagen and one of our seven partner cities. 

Please scroll down to get to the course descriptions.  

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Edinburgh-Copenhagen Urban Challenge


Edinburgh-Copenhagen Urban Challenge


The Edinburgh-Copenhagen Urban Challenge is offered jointly by the University of Edinburgh Business School and Copenhagen Business School to postgraduate students from both universities. The course focuses on theoretical transdisciplinary teaching with practice-oriented project work led by academic staff from the University of Edinburgh Business School, Copenhagen Business School and The Ecological Sequestration Trust. The project is also supported by policy makers and business leaders from Edinburgh and Copenhagen. 

The programme involves bringing together a cohort of students from both business schools to work together for two weeks in total, with one week in each city.

The course will take place in Edinburgh and Copenhagen. The dates are as following:
The course will take place in Edinburgh and Copenhagen. The dates are:
Edinburgh: May 29th – June 2nd 2017  
Copenhagen: June 6th – June 12th 2017

The vision behind the Edinburgh-Copenhagen Urban Challenge is to create a trans-disciplinary, cross-institutional, and cross-cultural higher education programme to facilitate the exchange of knowledge, investigate past, current and future experiences and accelerate innovation for urban sustainability. The specific focus of the programme is climate change mitigation, involving carbon accounting, finance and management. The programme brings together students, teachers, municipalities, and businesses to work together on real-world challenges in the two cities.

Goals of the Edinburgh-Copenhagen Urban Challenge

The Edinburgh-Copenhagen Urban Challenge programme intends to achieve the following:
● Build a lasting collaboration between faculty and students at the University of Edinburgh Business School and Copenhagen Business School.
● Develop trans-disciplinary, cross-institutional, and cross-country approaches to research, teaching and learning related to urban sustainability.
● Stimulate innovation and entrepreneurship skills of higher education researchers, teachers, graduate students, municipalities and practitioners within urban sustainability.
● Progress integrated systems thinking with regard to solving city scale sustainability challenges.
● Establish a dialogue and close collaboration with key business stakeholders and thereby strengthen the relationship between universities, cities and businesses.

The Edinburgh-Copenhagen Urban Challenge is centred on carbon policies and CO2 emission reduction, and focuses on real-world challenges related to carbon accounting, finance, strategy, and knowledge transfer, in Edinburgh and Copenhagen. Students will be introduced to a number of methods, standards, and tools for addressing the challenge they are presented with, including different forms of carbon accounting, stakeholder mapping, and a city-scale resource flow platform developed by the Ecological Sequestration Trust called resililience.io, that supports and facilitates financial investment decisions within sustainable urbanisation.

The learning outcomes of the programme include

  • An understanding of the main techniques, methods, and tools for climate change mitigation planning and financial appraisal.
  • The ability to critically analyse the utility and limitations of different methods and approaches.
  • The ability to analyse a sustainability challenge/problem, and to develop appropriate and workable solutions.
  • The ability to interpret and respond to client/partner requirements, constraints and concerns, including an appreciation of reputational sensitivities.
  • Demonstrable skills in data collection and in the use of carbon accounting/financial appraisal techniques. 
  • Skills in problem-solving, group-work, prioritising and sharing tasks, working to deadlines, and presenting outputs to external audiences.

The structure of the programme is intended to facilitate the sharing of lessons between the partner cities, universities, and the participating student cohorts. The case study partner in Edinburgh is the City of Edinburgh Council.

The Copenhagen case partner is the Greater Copenhagen Region. The Danish capital is moving rapidly toward a zero-carbon future, as it erects wind farms, transforms its citywide heating systems, promotes energy efficiency, and lures more people out of their cars and onto public transportation and bikes.

Course Structure

The Edinburgh-Copenhagen Urban Challenge programme is a total of two weeks, with one week in each partner city. Up to 15 students from each university (30 in total) will work together throughout the programme in mixed study groups across cultural and disciplinary backgrounds. The stays in Edinburgh and Copenhagen are structured through lectures, seminars, site visits, individual study time, group work, and project presentations.

Participants are expected to take part in all planned activities, and help make the summer school a great experience for everyone, both academically and culturally.

Instructors
Kathi Kaesehage is an Early Career Fellow at the University of Edinburgh Business School and the Centre for Business and Climate Change. Kathi gained a PhD from the University of Exeter where she also completed a Post Doc. Kathi has a strong interest in climate change and business, sustainable development and social change. She is interested in why and how business leaders approach the knowledge gap between climate change science and business practice. She emphasizes interdisciplinary research approaches engaging local business communities and government drawing on a variety of ethnographic research methods to ensure knowledge exchange between the University and local stakeholders. Kathi has also been active in the private sector including working on energy and development for the Endeva Institute on behalf of the German Society for Technical Cooperation (GTZ). 

Sarah Ivory is an Early Career Fellow in Climate Change and Business Strategy at the University of Edinburgh Business School. She is a member of the Centre for Business and Climate Change which develops dedicated teaching and research relating to aspects of business and management impacted by, or which have an impact on, climate change issues. Sarah earned a B.Com (honours) from the University of Melbourne, an MBA from Melbourne Business School, an MSc (by research) and a PhD from the University of Edinburgh. Her research interests include the study of how organisations understand, implement and legitimise sustainability and/or climate change policies and strategies, with a particular focus on the tensions, contradictions, and challenges this can expose. Prior to academia Sarah worked in the private sector, co-founding a biotech company based in Singapore. She is a past-Chair and ongoing committee member of the British Academy of Management Sustainable and Responsible Business Special Interest Group (SIG).

Matthew Brander is a Lecturer at the University of Edinburgh Business School, and is Programme Director for the MSc in Carbon Finance. His research is in greenhouse gas/carbon accounting, focusing on the different methods for assigning responsibility for managing emissions, and for estimating the changes in emissions caused by climate change mitigation policies and actions. His background is in carbon consultancy and policy analysis.

Kristjan Jespersen is a Doctoral Fellow at the Copenhagen Business School (CBS). As a primary area of focus, he studies the growing development and management of Ecosystem Services in developing countries. Within the field, Kristjan focuses his attention on the institutional legitimacy of such initiatives and the overall compensation tools used to ensure compliance. He has a background in International Relations and Economics. Kristjan has formed close relationships with the Malaysian and Indonesian Palm Oil Associations, and consults on issues of sustainability. Kristjan was most recently appointed by the Copenhagen Business School, along with Professor John Robinson, to coordinate the sustainability components and management of the proposed 35,000 square meter campus construction project.

Professor Peter Head, CBE is a visiting professor in Sustainable Systems Engineering at Bristol University and is a civil and structural engineer who has become a recognised world leader in bridge design, advanced composite technology and now in sustainable development in cities and regions. He has won many awards for his work and in 2008 he was named by the Guardian Newspaper as one of 50 people that could ‘save the planet’. He founded and is currently CEO of The Ecological Sequestration Trust building the world’s first integrated systems platform resilience.io to measure resource flows in and out of a city-region.

John Robinson was the Associate Provost, Sustainability at the University of British Columbia (UBC) and is a professor with UBC’s Institute for Resources, Environment & Sustainability and with the Department of Geography. Most recently, John has been appointed as Professor at the Munk School of Global Affairs and the School of the Environment at the University of Toronto. In 2015, John was also made an Adjunct Professor at the Copenhagen Business School. Presently, John is one of the key project leaders for the new CBS Campus Redevelopment project. He works closely with Denmark’s municipal governments, utilities and businesses. John’s research focuses on the intersection of sustainability, social and technological change, behavioral change, and community engagement processes. As a Lead Author, he contributed to the 1995, 2001 and 2007 Assessment Reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which shared the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007 with Al Gore.

Jørgen Abildgaard is Project Director for the 2025 Carbon Neutral strategy and plan for the City of Copenhagen. Jørgen is an experienced project manager and strategic adviser who has worked on several projects in Denmark and other Nordic countries and internationally for companies, organizations and governmental administration. Jørgen has worked with a wide range of tasks within the energy and environment area such as energy planning and strategies, green growth, climate change, sustainability, the Kyoto mechanisms, the Nordic power market, renewable energy, energy efficiency, research and development, building regulations and investments in the energy sector.

Application and Funding
Each student will receive a student stipend at € 275, but will have to cover any additional costs. To receive the funding the student must take part in all activities and lectures taking place in Edinburgh and Copenhagen.

CBS students can apply through my.cbs.dk as with any other CBS elective.

Students from University of Edinburgh can contact ROSS Rosa, Rosa.Ross@ed.ac.uk for information regarding application procedure.  

Suggested Reading

Brander M., Carstairs S. and Topp C. F. E. (2013) ‘Global protocol for community scale greenhouse gas emissions: a trial application in the West Highlands of Scotland’, Greenhouse Gas Measurement and Management, 3(3-4), pp. 149–165. doi: 10.1080/20430779.2013.877313.

Crang MA & Cook I 2009. Doing ethnographies. Sage, London.
Denzin NK 2001. The reflexive interview and a performative social science. Qualitative Research 1: 1 , 23-46. http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/146879410100100102.

Ecological Sequestration Trust (2015): Smart ways to mobilise more efficient and effective long-term investment in city regions. Available at: http://ecosequestrust.org/latest/smart-ways-to-mobilise-more-efficient-and-effective-long-term-investment-in-city-regions-report/

Ecological Sequestration Trust (2014). Platform Report. Available at: http://ecosequestrust.org/?s=platform+report&submit=SearchLapan SD, Quartaroli MLT & Riemer FJ 2012. Qualitative research: an introduction to methods and designs.

‘Greenhouse Gas Protocol - Policy and Action Standard - Executive Summary’ (2014). Available at: http://www.ghgprotocol.org/files/ghgp/Policy%20and%20Action%20Standard%20-%20Executive%20Summary.pdf

Kaesehage, K. (2016). The Smart Accelerator. How to Create Smart Project Partnerships. A Qualitative Process Evaluation. ClimateXChange, Edinburgh.

Pacala S. (2004) ‘Stabilization Wedges: Solving the Climate Problem for the Next 50 Years with Current Technologies’, Science, 305(5686), pp. 968–972. doi: 10.1126/science.1100103.

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Hamburg-Copenhagen Urban Challenge


Hamburg-Copenhagen Urban Challenge


The Hamburg-Copenhagen Urban Challenge is offered simultaneously by Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen Business School and HafenCity University in Hamburg. Students from all three universities are taught together spending two weeks in Copenhagen and two weeks in Hamburg. The Urban Challenge is supported by the Erasmus+ Programme of the European Union.  Participants are responsible for their own travel arrangements. However, we do provide a student travelling grant of 275 EURO per student. Course contents are innovative, practice-oriented and trans-disciplinary. Student performance will be assessed according to learning objective specific to their home institutions.

The course will take place in Copenhagen and Hamburg. The dates are:

Hamburg: August 7th – August 15th, 2017
Travel Day: August 16th, 2017
Copenhagen: August 17th – August 25th, 2017

 

Course Context

The vision of the Hamburg-Copenhagen Urban Challenge is to create a trans-disciplinary, cross-institutional, and cross-cultural learning experience for students, researchers, and practitioners that build capacity to identify and solve complex urban issues sustainably and collaboratively across sectors.

Cities are considered to be the melting pots of modern society - the proximity and density of people and organisations tend to foster innovation, creativity, and entrepreneurship. One of the biggest challenges in the 21st century is to plan urbanised areas and to design public policies in such a manner that they facilitate thriving businesses, organisations and people, while addressing global environmental and social challenges. At the same time numerous companies cater to the growing demands of urban citizens and local city governments in everything from fast moving consumer goods to housing, infrastructure and energy. The challenge is to balance the many public and private expectations on urban space, - without losing sight of urban sustainability. Thus, the Hamburg-Copenhagen Urban Challenge takes a citywide and regional development perspective on public, private, and nonprofit sector actions that shape solutions to the most pressing issues of today’s societies.

Course Description

Students will conduct a comparative analysis of HafenCity in Hamburg and Nordhavnen in Copenhagen contextualizing both districts within the larger development patterns of the metro-regions of Hamburg and Copenhagen. A focus will be on finding a sustainable balance of regional, citywide and district needs regarding specific urban challenges. Assessing the role of the districts within the larger context will enable students to identify drivers within private, public, and non-profit activities that could enhance the districts and cities ability to address these challenges in a sustainable manner. Based on their initial analysis, students will identify sustainable public, private and non-profit sector solutions to the identified urban challenges. The solutions may include for instance public policy changes, introduction of new standards, new business opportunities, infrastructure projects or non-profit advocacy campaigns.

Examples of urban challenges and real-life cases the students will be presented with include:

  • Identifying ways in which Nordhavn and HafenCity meet and do not meet the social sustainability demands of a modern metro, including the social composition of the citizens living in the neighbourhoods and understanding their ability to integrate into the social fabric of the neighbourhood.
  • Determining in which ways Nordhavn and HafenCity meet environmental sustainability measures, including measures put in place to address climate adaptation and migration in the face of storm water, waste management, green building standards, energy efficiency, etc.
  • Strengthening public transport connectivity, so that citizens can access jobs and other opportunities easily and cheaply.
  • Find ways to tackle freight transportation in densely populated areas, so that freight does not add needlessly to congestion and pollution.
  • Explore how specific sustainability tools and methods can address and solve multiple urban problems, such as improve traffic flows and handle storm water or provide green spaces and migrate rain water or ensure access without increasing traffic congestion, etc.
  • Present recommendations of how to include urban nature-based solutions in the urban development in order to diminish pollution, congestion and improve liveability.
  • Demonstrate new collaboration models for public, private and civic actors to engage in and leverage on for urban transportation systems that are people-centered and community-driven
  • Explore principles from the International Building Exhibition Hamburg-Wilhelmsburg 2013 for the revitalization of neighborhood and sustainable urban development.

The partner company Rambøll will share insights and experience as a leading engineering and design consultancy.

Learning goals

The Hamburg-Copenhagen Urban Challenge intends to achieve the following:

  • Build a lasting collaboration between students and faculty of Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen Business School and HafenCity University in Hamburg;
  • Develop a foundational unit for trans-disciplinary and cross-country and -city approaches to research, teaching and learning within urban sustainability;
  • Stimulate innovation and entrepreneurship skills of higher education researchers, teachers, graduate students and practitioners within urban sustainability;
  • Facilitate the exchange, flow and co-creation of knowledge within urban sustainability through mobility and cross-city cooperation between Copenhagen and Hamburg.
  • To establish a dialogue and close collaboration with key business stakeholders and thereby strengthen the relationship between universities, cities and local businesses.
  • Foster meaningful collaborations between economists, engineers, political scientists, social scientists, life scientists, urban planners, policymakers, developers amongst others/and many others.

Course Structure

The Hamburg-Copenhagen Urban Challenge includes one-and-a-half weeks of exchange in Hamburg followed by one-and-a-half weeks in Copenhagen. Students will work together in mixed study-groups across culture and disciplinary backgrounds. The stays in Copenhagen and Hamburg are structured through lectures, site and company visits, group and field work, and project presentation. Students will be grouped into cross-institutional teams so as to identify and analyze complex urban challenges – teams may choose to focus on a self-selected urban sustainability challenge. During the group work, students will assess and compare the sustainability of both case studies (Nordhavnen and HafenCity) with regards to the specific urban challenge. Based on their analysis, students will also identify public, private and/ or non-profit approaches to address the challenge bringing together their unique experiences in different academic disciplines.

Participants are expected to take part in all planned activities, and help make the Hamburg-Copenhagen Urban Challenge a great experience for everyone, - both academically and culturally.

Examination

Student performance will be assessed according to learning objective specific to their home institutions. The core assignment during the three weeks will be the interdisciplinary group work. Groups will be mixed from all universities. The groups will present twice: On the last day in Hamburg and in Copenhagen. HCU and DTU only offer the course as a 5 ECTS class, therefore, the student presentations will be graded. Students from CBS that take the course for 7.5 ECTS will have to submit an additional exam as specific to the requirements of their home institution.

Teaching Methods

The Hamburg-Copenhagen Urban Challenge programme is a total of three weeks, with two weeks in each partner city. Up to 15 students from each university (45 in total) will work together throughout the programme in mixed study groups across cultural and disciplinary backgrounds. The stays in Hamburg and Copenhagen are structured through lectures, seminars, site visits, individual study time, group work, and project presentations.

Participants are expected to take part in all planned activities, and help make the summer school a great experience for everyone, both academically and culturally.

Application and Funding                                                                                                                                                           

Participants are responsible for their own travel arrangements, including flights to and from Helsinki and Copenhagen and accommodation. Each student will receive a student stipend of € 275, but will have to cover any additional costs.

CBS students can apply through my.cbs.dk as with any other CBS elective.

Students from HafenCity Universität must contact Kimberly Tatum, kimberly.tatum@hcu-hamburg.de for information regarding application.  

 

Suggestions for readings

Bridges, W. (1986), Managing Spatial Transition. Organizational Dynamics 15(1), 24-33.

Bulkeley, H., Betsill, M. (2005), Rethinking sustainable cities: Multi-level governance and the 'urban' politics of climate change. Environmental Politics 14, 42-63.

Bulkeley, H., Betsill, M.M. (2003), Cities and Climate Change: Urban Sustainability and Global Environmental Governance. Routledge, London.

Bulkeley, H., Castan Broto, V. (2012), Government by experiment? Global cities and the governing of climate change. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers.

Burch, S., Shaw, A., Dale, A., Robinson, J. (Forthcoming) Triggering transformative change: A development path approach to climate change response in communities. Climate Policy.

Frantzeskaki, N., Loorbach, D., Meadowcroft, J. (2012), Governing transitions to sustainability: transition management as a governance approach towards pursuing sustainability. International Journal of Sustainable Development 15, 19-36.

Fröhlich, J., Knieling, J. (2013), Conceptualizing Climate Change Governance. In: J.

Knieling & W. Leal Filho (Eds.), Climate Change Governance: Series Climate

Change Management (pp. 14-31). Heidelberg: Springer.

IPCC - The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. (2014). Fifth Assessment

Report. Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. Retrieved on March 15, 2015 from http://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar5/wg3/

Nevens, F., Frantzeskaki, N., Gorissen, L., Loorbach, D. (2012), Urban Transition Labs: co-creating transformative action for sustainable cities. Journal of Cleaner Production.

Rode, Carsten (2012), Global Building Physics, Journal of Building Physics, 36(4), pp. 337–352

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Helsinki-Copenhagen Urban Challenge


Helsinki-Copenhagen Urban Challenge


  • The Helsinki-Copenhagen Smart City Challenge is offered simultaneously by Copenhagen Business School and Aalto University. Students from both universities spend one and half weeks together in Helsinki and one and half weeks in Copenhagen. All students who attend the course are offered a student grant of 275 EURO. The course contents are innovative, practice-oriented and trans-disciplinary.

The course will take place in Helsinki and Copenhagen. The dates are:

  • Helsinki: August 14th – 22nd August, 2017
  • Copenhagen: August 23rd– September 01st, 2017

Course Context

The vision of the Helsinki-Copenhagen Smart City Challenge is to create a trans-disciplinary, cross-institutional, and cross-cultural learning experience for students, researchers, and practitioners. One of today’s core concepts in solving urban challenges is the concept of smart cities. By collecting and analyzing data from the physical environments and inhabitants, it is possible to improve sustainability and people’s everyday lives. Both Copenhagen and Helsinki meet the key requirements for a smart city in a number of ways. There is political vision and willingness to invest and research in smart cities and a strong culture of innovation. Big data is also available for public and private sectors.

Interdisciplinary collaboration is a key issue for smart cities. The Helsinki-Copenhagen Urban Challenge will explore critically the concept on smart cities and the parallels and variety of approaches for how it is being implemented in Helsinki and Copenhagen. It will also particularly study the convergence of sector approaches with examples in transport, buildings and street illumination related to smart cities solutions. It will offer students the opportunity to conduct a comparative examination of stakeholder perspectives, user and marketing studies with projects, land use and transportation issues.

Course description

The course will consist of a number of interrelated tasks. The overall task will be to make a comparative analysis of the scope and practical ways in which Helsinki and Copenhagen represent smart cities. Typical smart city issues deal with transport, energy use and built environment. In practice, that means among other things, illumination, mobility and accessibility. One important but, in many case neglected issue in urban planning, and where elements of transport, energy use and built environment converge can be found around (car) parking. The students will acquaint themselves with planning and the administrative context of both cities, and with the role of smart city solutions in the development of new residential areas. By understanding critical dimensions and the larger context of smart cities, and the ways in which the cities can promote a development towards smarter solutions, the students will engage in a number of interrelated smart city questions.

After the course students will be able to:

  •   Discuss the concept of smart cities from an urban planning perspective
  •  Identify and critically analyze relevant problems and challenges in relation to the pre-selected theme of the cours
  •   Effectively gather local data in Helsinki and Copenhagen
  •   Analyze and organize a practical project and integrate multidisciplinary viewpoints

Course structure

The Helsinki-Copenhagen Urban Challenge proceeds during three weeks, including one and a half weeks of exchange in Helsinki followed by a similar period in Copenhagen. The stay in Helsinki and Copenhagen is structured through lectures, company and site visits, group and field work, and project presentation. During the group work, students work on the specific course task. The groups will consist of cross-institutional teams. Participants are expected to take part in all planned activities, and help make the Helsinki-Copenhagen Urban Challenge a great experience for everyone, - both academically and culturally. Each student will hand in a final individual report one week after the course.

Examination

For CBS students: Task of the home assignment is to prepare a final project report of 15 pages submitted individually, based on your group assignment and project presentation.

Application and Funding                                                                                                                                                           

Participants are responsible for their own travel arrangements, including flights to and from Helsinki and Copenhagen and accommodation. Each student will receive a student stipend ot € 275, but will have to cover any additional costs.

CBS students can apply through my.cbs.dk as with any other CBS elective.

Students from Aalto University can apply by sending their resume and Application Form to Johanna Lilius johanna.lilius@aalto.fi  

 

Suggested Readings

Albino, V.; U. Berardi; R. M. Dangelico: Smart Cities: Definitions, Dimensions, Performance, and Initiatives. In Journal of Urban Technology, 2015 Vol. 22, No. 1, 3–21.

Batty, M.; K.W. Axhausen; F. Giannotti; A. Pozdnoukhov; A. Bazzani; M. Wachowicz; G. Ouzounis; Y. Portugali: Smart cities of the future.  In Eur. Phys. J. Special Topics 214, 481–518 (2012).

Creating Municipal ICT Architectures. A reference guide from Smart Cities. http://www.smartcities.info/research.

Krivý, M.: Towards a critique of cybernetic urbanism: The smart city and the society of control. In Planning Theory (2016, published online).

Luque-Ayala, A.; S. Marvin: Developing a critical understanding of smart urbanism? In Urban Studies 2015, Vol. 52(12) 2105–2116.

Neirotti, P.; A. De Marco; A. C. Cagliano; G. Mangano; F. Scorrano: Current trends in Smart City initiatives: Some stylised facts. In Cities 38 (2014) 25–36.

Niaros, V.: Introducing a Taxonomy of the “Smart City”: Towards a Commons-Oriented Approach? In triple C 14(1): 51-61, 2016.

Ruoppila, S.: Establishing a Market-orientated Urban Planning System after State Socialism: The Case of Tallinn. In European Planning Studies Vol. 15, No. 3, April 2007.

Saunders T.; P. Baeck: RETHINKING SMART CITIES FROM THE GROUND UP. https://www.nesta.org.uk/sites/default/files/rethinking_smart_cities_from_the_ground_up_2015.pdf

Shelton, T.: M. Zook; A. Wiig: The ‘actually existing smart city’. In (fortcoming) Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society.

Thomas, V.; D. Wang; L. Mullagh; N. Dunn: Where’s Wally? In Search of Citizen Perspectives on the Smart City. Sustainability 2016, 8, 207

Townsend, A. M.: MAKING SENSE OF THE NEW URBAN SCIENCE. http://www.citiesofdata.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Making-Sense-of-the-New-Science-of-Cities-FINAL-2015.7.7.pdf.

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Riga-Copenhagen Urban Challenge


Riga-Copenhagen Urban Challenge


The main objective of the course is to explain the concepts of urban regeneration and integrated urban development and to describe the specific processes, methods and instruments related to these. While principally focusing on the regeneration of the an important building within Riga’s city centre, the students will work closely with the leaders from the Student and Innovation House an emerging and dynamic movement at the Copenhagen Business School. The teaching methods will include lectures, seminars, debates and workshops. The module will include theoretical and practical activities and will be mostly interactive. A number of best practices in the field will be analysed, especially based on the last 2 decades of European experience and projects will be developed for selected areas of intervention from Riga, Copenhagen and other cities. By the end of the course the students will get an adequate understanding and the capabilities to develop integrated projects and urban regeneration strategies. Communication skills and team working will also be developed during the module practical teaching sessions. The evaluation of the module will be based on the elaboration of an integrated regeneration project for a defined urban area.

The course will take place in Copenhagen and Riga, and includes one week of break for initial preparation of the project.

  • Copenhagen: May 1st – May 5th 2017
  • Preparation of project: May 8th – May 12th
  • Riga: May 15th – May 19th 2017

Course objectives

As a point of departure, students are motivated to think about how to create renovated spaces that have a purpose whereby the retrofit project that supports its sustainability objectives by:

  • Produces a world-renowned building project, that
  • Operates at the frontier of sustainability,
  •  Is net positive in both human-well-being and environmental outcomes,
  • Contributes directly to the health, productivity and subjective wellbeing of everyone in the buildings, and that
  • Directly supports and is reflected in the social innovation and community engagement activities that go on in the building and the campus community, including
  • An ongoing monitoring and social science research program, that offers the opportunity to implement, test, and teach sustainability,
  • A specific focus on the analysis of behaviour change,
  •  The encouragement of innovation for societal benefit,
  • A strong focus on breaking down silos between students, faculty and society,
  •  Partnerships with firms and organizations interested in sustainable building and neighbourhoods, that offer the capacity to build a regional scale living lab that focuses on the role of the business sector in the sustainability transition.
  • Exploring possible ways for integrating students drive and commitment in more informal learning ways, such as extracurricular projects, informal collaboration with researchers along with the possibility of internships and for-credit engagement with both on-campus and off-campus partners.

Instructors

Kristjan Jespersen (KJ)

Kristjan Jespersen is a Doctoral Fellow at the Copenhagen Business School (CBS). As a primary area of focus, he studies the growing development and management of Ecosystem Services in developing countries. Within the field, Kristjan focuses his attention on the institutional legitimacy of such initiatives and the overall compensation tools used to ensure compliance. He has a background in International Relations and Economics. Kristjan is one of the founding partners for the Nordic Rainforest Research Network, a research consortium that was granted the last remaining one million hectares of first growth forest in Borneo, Malaysia. Kristjan has formed close relationships with the Malaysian and Indonesian Palm Oil Associations, and consults on issues of sustainability. Kristjan was most recently appointed by the Copenhagen Business School, along with Professor John Robinson, to coordinate the sustainability components and management of the proposed 35,000 square meter campus construction project.

John Robinson (JR)

John Robinson was the Associate Provost, Sustainability at the University of British Columbia (UBC) and is a professor with UBC’s Institute for Resources, Environment & Sustainability and with the Department of Geography. Most recently, John has been appointed as Professor at the Munk School of Global Affairs and the School of the Environment at the University of Toronto. In 2015, John was also made an Adjunct Professor at the Copenhagen Business School. Presently, John is one of the key project leaders for the new CBS Campus Redevelopment project. He works closely with Denmark’s municipal governments, utilities and businesses. John’s research focuses on the intersection of sustainability, social and technological change, behavioral change, and community engagement processes.

John was a Fellow of the Trudeau Foundation from 2008-10. In 2010, he won BC Hydro’s inaugural Larry Bell Award for advancing energy conservation in British Columbia. In 2011 he won the Education Leadership Award of the Canada Green Building Council, and in 2012 he received the Metro Vancouver Architecture Canada Architecture Advocacy Award and was named Environmental Scientist of the Year by Canadian Geographic magazine. As a Lead Author, he contributed to the 1995, 2001 and 2007 Assessment Reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which shared the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007 with Al Gore.

Jørgen Abildgaard (JA)

Jørgen is Project Director for the 2025 Carbon Neutral strategy and plan for the City of Copenhagen. http://www.kk.dk/sitecore/content/Subsites/Klima/SubsiteFrontpage.aspx

Jørgen is an experienced project manager and strategic adviser who has worked on several projects in Denmark and other Nordic countries and internationally for companies, organizations and governmental administration. Jørgen has worked with a wide range of tasks within the energy and environment area such as energy planning and strategies, green growth, climate change, sustainability, the Kyoto mechanisms, the Nordic power market, renewable energy, energy efficiency, research and development, building regulations and investments in the energy sector.

From 2002 to 2010 Jørgen was director in the Nordic consultancy companies ECON and Poyry Management Consulting. Before that, Jørgen spent two years as special adviser for the former Danish Minister for Environment and Energy, Mr. Svend Auken and before that as adviser in several positions in the Danish Ministry for Energy. Jørgen has comprehensive experience from work within international organizations such as the United Nations, EU, IEA, the Nordic Council of Ministers and BASREC and he has an extensive national and international network.

Viesturs Celmins (VC)

Viesturs Celmiņš is a social anthropologist and explorer of urban development, large-scale buildings planning and strategic analysis. He has been a Fulbright Fellow at New School University in New York and ESRC Fellow at Cambridge University. He is doctoral student at Cambridge University and currently is conducting research on urban planning, as well as delivering lectures at University of Latvia and Riga Stradins University. He has participated in the development of long-term development strategy "Latvia 2030", regional development planning and alternative scenario development in Latvia. His doctoral research concerns vast changes brought about by large infrastructure projects in Kazan, the capital of Tatarstan.

Dzineta Dimante (DD)

Dzineta Dimante is Associate Professor in the University of Latvia lecturing in Environmental Economics and Natural Resource Economics with great attention to sustainability issues. Dzineta’s research is devoted to sustainability and education for sustainable development issues. She tries out different pedagogic methods with emphasis on students own work and contribution. In 2012 Dzineta one semester spent as Fulbright scholar in Hamline University, Minnesota. She has experience in working in international team.

Aija van der Steina (AvdS)

Dr. Aija van der Steina is senior researcher of Scientific Institute of Economics and Management at University of Latvia and visiting lecturer of Monash University (Australia). In 2014 Aija van der Steina and Dr. Dzineta Dimante founded the Tourism and Sustainability Research Lab with the aim to strengthen the research on sustainability and sustainable development at the Faculty of Economics and Management, University of Latvia.

Aija has great experience in research fields related with tourism and sustainable development. She works in close collaboration with municipalities, state and business organisations, she is an adviser of National Tourism Organisation, expert for development of strategies for local municipalities. Ministry of Economics (Latvia) have awarded acknowledgement to Aija for her contribution in tourism research and strategy development in 2011.

In 2012, 2014 and 2015, Aija lectured and mentored master students at Monash University`s Field Schools “Contemporary Tourism and Development in Emerging Economies” in Vietnam and Fiji.

 Guntars Ruskuls (GR)

Guntars Ruskuls is Deputy Head of the Board of Strategic Management and Head of the Strategic Planning Division of City Development Department of Riga City Council. Guntars has been the leader of preparing Sustainable development strategy of Riga City until 2030 and Development programme for 2014 -2020. He has participated also in several other development and territory planning projects. Guntars has received Master degree in Geography in 2000 from the University of Latvia, Faculty of Geography and Earth Sciences (programme of regional development and planning) and is co-author of several scientific publications.

Company participants

Una Meiberga (UM)

Una Meiberga has received the Bachelor degree in Law (2001, University of Latvia) and the Master degree in Social sciences (2012, Riga Stradins University). Una works as cultural project manager since 2001. She has worked as fashion designer, conceptual artist, film director and producer, creative director of cinema, been active in several NGOs. Since 2011 is culture program director and content creator in Kalnciema Quarter where are managing exhibitions, concerts, theatre, performances, local markets, educational programs and other public events for wide audience. Un works also as a lecturer in Riga Stradins University. Skills: event planning, communication & networking, marketing, brand management, community building, place making, social research and projects, grant writing.

Marcis Rubenis (MR)

Marcis Rubenis is social entrepreneur and urban activist. Focus of his work has been engagement, participation and co-creation in relation to city making processes. Marcis is one of the founders of FREE RIGA, collective for creative and social temporary use of the vacant buildings in Riga, which is connecting owners of vacant property with initiatives that can maintain and reclaim it for the society. Another side of his work has been developing co-creation workshop methodologies, as well as online tools for citizen engagement and crowdsourcing.

Edgars Ivanovs (EI)

Edgars Ivanovs is the Developer of Riga Powerhouse, a real estate startup with an aim to create a global chain of Urban Powerhouses - branded coworking spaces for creative companies in revitalized industrial properties. Edgars has 12 years experience with urban innovations and real estate sector. He has a Master's degree Of Business Administration and track record of formal and informal research. Edgars has been involved in public sector as an economic development advisor and has an experience in startup field. He has spent 2 years living in Spain where he worked as an urban innovation researcher at Citymart.

 INDICATIVE SYLLABUS CONTENT 

  • Theories of urban growth and change; how these might relate to urban regeneration; 
  • The mechanics of the property development process; 
  • The urban development process, and the role of planning;
  • Policy formulation and implementation within local urban areas; 
  • The ways in which local problems and issues are tackled by different agencies; 
  • Physical regeneration and flagship developments; 
  • Institutions, agencies and funding mechanisms;
  • Public and private partnerships

 Teaching and Learning Methods

The class will be taught using a range of methods including lectures, workshops, seminars and presentations. Written and verbal feedback will be given for students to assimilate. Study visits in Riga and Copenhagen will examine regeneration programmes focused on both major redevelopment projects and interventions of a social and economic nature within city neighbourhoods. All study visits are compulsory parts of the class.

ASSESSMENT RATIONALE

Students will develop skills in: 

  • independent research and ability to abstract data with a degree of guidance.  
  • group working and the ability to both give and receive information and ideas; 
  • investigation and evaluation of primary and secondary material with a degree of guidance; communicating effectively through graphic written and oral techniques.

ASSESSMENT CRITERIA

In order to pass the class a student should demonstrate: 

   An ability to produce a clear and concise summary of social, economic, physical and institutional issues in urban regeneration;

       An ability to utilise case study material to illustrate an understanding of the processes involved in achieving regeneration;  

       A knowledge of the variety of agencies and programmes involved in regeneration; 

       An ability to relate theories of urban change to practical examples;

       An ability to evaluate feedback from tutors and assimilate within project reports.

EXAMINATION
Final project report of max.15 pages submitted individually, based on your group assignment and project presentation. 

APPLICATION AND FUNDING

Participants are responsible for their own travel arrangements, including flights to and from Riga and Copenhagen and accommodation. Each student will receive a student stipend at € 275, but will have to cover any additional costs. 

CBS students can apply through my.cbs.dk as with any other CBS elective.

Students from University of Latvia must apply through Latvia University. Please contact Dzineta Dimante dzineta.dimante@lu.lv for more information. 

Essential reading

Lewis Mumford, The Garden City Idea and Modern Planning, in Larice and Macdonald, The Urban Design Reader, 2006, Pages 43-53.

Jane Jacobs, The Death and Life of Great American Cities,  "Foreword to the Modern Library Edition", "Introduction","The Generators of Diversity".  Pages xi-xviii, 5-34, 187-197.

Critique of Le Corbusier:  Lewis Mumford, "Yesterday's City of Tomorrow" in The Lewis Mumford Reader, Pages 184-200.

Kevin Lynch, The Image of the City, "The Image of the Environment", Pages 1-13; 46-49; 146-147.  The Lynch analysis is one of the methods to be used in the neighborhood study of Project I.  

Allan Jacobs, Looking at Cities, "Starting to Look", "Seeing Change", "Looking Back".  Pages 1-13; 99-107; 133-141. 

Christopher Leinberger, “The Coming Revival of American Downtowns” in Lusk Review: The Future of Central Cities, Fall 1997, Pages 53-62.
Christopher Leinberger, “The Shape of Downtown: What America’s Downtowns Need Is Walkable Urbanism” in Urban Land, Nov/Dec 2004, P 69-75.

Sustaining Urban Excellence: Learning from the Rudy Bruner Award for Urban Excellence, Bruner Foundation, 1998, Preface and Executive Summary, Pages vii to xi.

John Pastier, Case Study:  Pike Place Market Neighborhood, Seattle: Preservation of a “social ecology”in Sustaining Urban Excellence, Bruner Foundation, 1998.

Anthony Downs, The Brookings Institution, "Metro Areas Can't Go On This Way" (Essay).

Anthony Downs, How Cities Are Growing: The Big Picture” in The Brookings Review, Brookings Institution, Fall 1998. Pages 8-12. 

Matthew Kahn, Green Cities: Urban Growth and the Environment, “Introduction”, P 1-7 and “Achieving Global and Urban Sustainability”, Pages 130-137. 

Hildebrand Frey, “Compact, Decentralized or What? The Sustainable City Debate”  in Designing the City: Toward a More Sustainable Urban Form.

Rome_Skyline_(8012016319).jpg

Rome-Copenhagen Urban Challenge


Rome-Copenhagen Urban Challenge


The Rome-Copenhagen Urban Challenge is part of the Urban Challenge Program. The overall aim is to act as a foundational unit for students, teachers, municipalities and businesses across disciplinary backgrounds and national borders to address urgent challenges and sustainability issues in different European contexts. The Rome-Copenhagen Urban Challenge will focus on a study of urban farming and gardening in Rome and Copenhagen. Students from Sapienza University of Rome and CBS will be taught by professors from both universities and the Copenhagen-based design consultancy Urgent Agency. 

The Rome-Copenhagen Urban Challenge is an elective targeting business and social sciences students at master level across different disciplines. The course will be offered to students at CBS and Sapienza University of Rome. The aim of the course is to explore in depth and share knowledge on challenges and opportunities to urban farming and gardening based on the Rome-Copenhagen contexts. 

The course will take place in Copenhagen and Rome. The dates are: Copenhagen:

August 21st - September 1st 2017

Rome: September 4th - September 15th 2017

The vision behind the Rome-Copenhagen Urban Challenge is to create a cross-disciplinary, cross-cultural and cross-institutional elective focusing on the exchange of knowledge, ideas, and experiences on urban farming and gardening to promote and enhance urban sustainability across Rome and Copenhagen primarily, but also other cities and towns. Moving from urban farming and gardening, this elective aims at fostering sustainable innovation and knowledge on how to create more sustainable systems, facilitating and drawing on the cross-disciplinary and cross-cultural make up of the group. 

The course will center on the three following overall challenges 
•    Community development
•    Business model and business model innovation
•    Circular economy thinking

Goals of the Rome-Copenhagen Urban Challenge
•    To build knowledge on urban gardening and farming
•    Strengthening the understanding of context in sustainability challenges
Strengthening analytical and methodological skills
•    To motivate innovation and entrepreneurship for urban sustainability, in relation to urban farming and gardening
•    To facilitate the exchange and creation of knowledge within communities engaged in urban farming and gardening through mobility and cross-city collaboration.

Course Description
The Rome-Copenhagen Urban Challenge (ROCUC) is a cross-disciplinary and cross-cultural elective promoted by the Copenhagen Business School (CBS) and EuroSapienza at Sapienza University of Rome.

Focusing on urban farming and gardening, the students will be asked to address and analyse some of the following questions:

•    The interplay between agriculture and local food markets in urban contexts
•    Gardening and collective use of natural resources and cultural heritage in urban contexts
•    Organizational issues in urban planning with specific reference to community involvement
•    Sustainable development in local food production
•    Lifestyles and consumption patterns
•    Business model and business model innovation

The case studies in Copenhagen and Rome are meant to support the student analysis of the themes and to inspire the development of ideas for addressing urban challenges.

The overall learning objective is to enable the student to independently design and conduct a fieldwork-driven project in a hands-on multi-sited case study. The project should be designed by drawing on ethnography, design thinking and Urgent Agency’s methods. This includes the reflective ability to apply relevant theoretical perspectives and methodologies, and to select and develop types of field inquiry and presentation appropriate to the given topics. 

At the end of the course, students should be able to

•    To identify and analyse relevant problems and challenges in relation to one of the challenges under the overall theme.
•    To demonstrate an understanding of how, why and when to apply relevant methodologies and theory from the curriculum in a field-study of complex cultural urban settings. 
•    To assess and compare critically the analytical potential of the chosen methodologies, concepts and theories to business, in the case of urban gardening and farming. 
•    Present their findings to faculty and key stakeholder/experts and in order to gain valuable feedback.
•    Meet basic academic requirements for project writing, including level of written English and references

Course Structure
This elective will proceed during a six-eight week program including two weeks of exchange in Copenhagen immediately followed by two weeks of exchange in Rome. Students will work together in mixed study groups across cultures and disciplinary backgrounds. These groups will be created by faculty ahead of the exchange. In the two weeks before the kick off of the exchange in Copenhagen on August 22nd, students will be asked to prepare themselves for the exchange through readings (methodology, theory, and context).

By the end of the first two weeks the actual exchange will take place starting with two weeks in Copenhagen (August 22nd through September 2nd) and then two weeks in Rome (September 5th through September 16th). The stay in Copenhagen and Rome is structured through lectures, “company” visits, fieldwork, group work, and project preparation and presentation. Participants are expected to take part in all planned activities and help make this course a great experience for everyone involved, academically as well as culturally.

Examination
Students are required to participate actively in lectures and group work across disciplinary backgrounds and nationality. 

At the end of the two weeks exchange in Copenhagen groups of 4-5 students will do a mid-way presentation presenting their preliminary project ideas. This presentation will be based on the students’ ethnographically driven analysis of challenges and opportunities to urban farming and gardening, focusing on the Copenhagen context. Here students will also draw on design thinking methods and Urgent Agency’s approach. 

Terminating the two weeks exchange in Rome, the groups are due to present their final project ideas to faculty at EuroSapienza, Urgent Agency and CBS (and local stakeholders to the possible extent).

Students will be expected to use the literature and theories introduced in the course as well as to identify additional literature where appropriate. 

Presentations could include videos, prototyping, keynotes, etc. The aim is the production of a nice, engaging pitch / presentation. 

Two weeks after the four weeks of exchange CBS students must hand-in an individual report of max. 15 pages.

Instructors
Esben Rahbek Gjerdrum Pedersen, Professor and Director of CBS Centre for Corporate Social Responsibility. 

Kirsti Reitan Andersen, PhD, CBS Center for Corporate  Social Responsibility

Christian Pagh, Culture Director, Urgent Agency 

Ricky Storm Braskov, Culture Analyst, Urgent Agency

Claudio Cecchi PhD, Professor, Sapienza University of Rome

Elisabetta Basile DPhil, Professor, Sapienza University of Rome

Pietro Garau, Professor, Architect and Planner

Application and Funding                                                                                                                                                           

Participants are responsible for their own travel arrangements, including flights to and from Rome and accommodation. Each student will receive a student stipend at € 275, but will have to cover any additional costs. There are plenty of opportunities for study grants, e.g. through www.legater.info/rejselegater/, www.studierejser.dk, or www.legatmidler.dk

CBS students can apply through my.cbs.dk as with any other CBS elective. 

Students from Sapienza University can apply by sending their resume and Application Form to Urban Challenge Coordinator Professor, Claudio Cecchi, claudio.cecchi@uniroma1.it or eurosapienza@uniroma1.it.

 

Suggestions for readings
Brown, T. (2008) Design thinking, Harvard Business Review,June, p. 85-92

Fisher, C. (2012) Sustainable Inter-Organizational Relationships in Regional and Non-Regional Agri-Food Supply Chains in Arfini, F., Mancini, M. C. and Donati, M. (Eds.) Local Agri-Food Systems in a Global World, Newcastle Upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

Girotra, K. and Netessine, S. (2014) Four paths to business model innovation, Harvard Business Review, July-August, 

Kolko, J (2015) Design thinking comes of age, Harvard Business Review, September, p. 66-71

Massa, L and Tucci, C. L. (2014) Business Model Innovation, in The Oxford Handbook of Innovation Management, Dodgson, M., Gann, D. M. and Phillips, N. (Eds.). UK: Oxford University Press, p. 420-441

McCaffrey, S. J. and Kurland, N. B. (2015) Does “Local” Mean Ethical? The U.S. “Buy Local” Movement and CSR in SMEs, Organization and Environment, p. 1-21

Muratovski, G. (2016) Research for Designers: A Guide to Methods and Practice. London: Sage Publications Ltd.

Osterwalder, A. and Pigneur, Y. (2010) Business Model Generation, United States: John Wiley & Sons Inc.

Salcido, G. T. and Muchnik, J. (2012) Globalization/Fragmentation Process: Governance and Public Policies for Localized Agri-Food Systems in Arfini, F., Mancini, M. C. and Donati, M. (Eds.) Local Agri-Food Systems in a Global World, Newcastle Upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

1. Farming and food markets in metropolitan areas

1.1. Sonnino, R. (2014), The new geography of food security: exploring the potential of urban food strategies. The Geographical Journal. doi: 10.1111/geoj.12129
1.2. Morgan, K. Sonnino, R. (2013), The school food revolution: Public food and the challenge of sustainable development. Routledge, London.

2. Informality

2.1. Gërxhani, K. (2012), The Informal Sector in Developed and Less Developed Countries: A Literature Survey. Public Choice. Vol. 120, No. ¾: pp. 267-300
2.2. Chen, M. et al. (2002), Women and Men in the Informal Economy: A statistical picture. ILO, Geneva.
2.3. Chen, M. (2012), The Informal Economy: Definitions, Theories and Policies. WIEGO Working Paper No 1 August.

3. Cultural heritage and common land

3.1. Ostrom E. (1998), A Behavioral Approach to the Rational Choice Theory of Collective Action: Presidential Address, American Political Science Association, 1997. The American Political Science Review, Vol. 92, No. 1: 1-22
https://sites.google.com/a/uniroma1.it/claudiocecchi/1998 Ostrom.pdf?attredirects=0

4. Farming regulation on common, private and public land

4.1. Schmidt, O. Padel, S. Levidow, L. (2012), The bio-economy concept and knowledge base in a public goods and farmer perspective. Bio-based and applied economics 1.1: 47-63.
http://www.fupress.net/index.php/bae/article/viewFile/10770/10517
4.2. Plieninger, T. et al. Mainstreaming ecosystem services through reformed European agricultural policies. Conservation Letters 5.4 (2012): 281-288.

5. Management regulation for gardens and parks

5.1.Colding, J. Barthel, S. (2013), The potential of ‘Urban Green Commons’ in the resilience building of cities. Ecological Economics 86: 156-166.
http://www.phytoremediation.be/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/Urban-green-commons.pdf
5.2. Barthel, S. Parker, J. Ernstson, H. (2013), Food and green space in cities: a resilience lens on gardens and urban environmental movements. Urban studies: 0042098012472744.